The Hall Stone Jewel is one that generates much interest within Freemasons and is the subject of many a question and white paper. A reasonable synopsis and description of the jewel is that perhaps an artefact of a charitable act which commemorates individuals who gave their lives for a greater good. But, charitable acts in Masonic circles are usually kept more private so what is the Hall Stone Jewel, how did it arise and why is it so recognised so amongst Freemasons?
It is reported that following the end of the Great War and to celebrate the ensuing peace, Prince Albert, His Royal Highness The Duke of Connaught and Strathearn KG, PC, KT, KP, GCMG etc., the MW Grand Master at that time, attended an extraordinary meeting at the Royal Albert Hall and suggested that a new building be erected “in this Metropolis of the Empire dedicated to the Most High and worthy of the great traditions of the United Grand Lodge of England…” The primary goal for this proposed construction was to provide a fitting memorial which would honour those brethren who made the ‘Supreme Sacrifice’ during the course of the Great war 1914-1918. This building would also serve as a Headquarters to replace the existing complex at Great Queen Street, London.
The idea developed further and to fund such an ambitious goal, the “Masonic Million Memorial Fund” was launched in 1920. An appeal to Craft Lodges within the English Constitution was made requesting that, as the title so amply states, a million pounds be raised towards the new “Masonic Peace Memorial”. A system of honorifics was drawn up which would be in the form of a jewel in order to encourage individuals to participate through voluntary contribution. A competition with a prize of £75 was also launched to provide a design template for this jewel.
The competition was won by Cyril Saunders Spackman, a Freemason whose mother Lodge was Panmure No. 720. His design was a jewel pendant in the form of a winged angel carrying a temple atop a symmetrical cross laying atop a wreath. At the head of the cross are the Square and Compasses, two of the most recognised and significant symbols used within Freemasonry. The dimensions of the cross appear to be perfect square, with square blocks also being emphasised on the [points] of the cross. On the side points of the cross within the square blocks, the dates of the Great War are inscribed; 1914 on the left, 1918 on the right. The colour of the ribbon is deep blue, or light blue dependent on the variant. It is reportedly recorded in official notes:
“The jewel is in the form of a cross, symbolising Sacrifice, with a perfect square at the four ends, on the left and right, squares being the dates 1914-1918, the years in which the supreme sacrifice was made. Between these is a winged figure of Peace presenting the representation of a Temple with special Masonic allusion in the Pillars, Porch and Steps. The medal is suspended by the Square and Compasses, attached to a ribband, the whole thus symbolising the Craft’s gift of a Temple in memory of those brethren who gave all for King and Country, Peace and Victory, Liberty and Brotherhood.”
Three size variants of the jewel were struck:
1. The Masonic Million Fund Commemorative Jewel – This is an individually worn breast jewel and is the smallest of the three measuring around 3.5cm (diameter of the wreath). It is suspended on a dark blue ribbon. 10 guineas or more purchased a silver one, 100 guineas or more purchased a gold one.
2. The Hall Stone Lodge Jewel – This jewel is slightly larger at 4.2cm (diameter of the wreath) and are handed down from Master to Master of Lodges who achieved an average contribution to the Fund of 10 guineas per member. They are of silver gilt and appended to a light blue ribbon and designed to be worn around the collar (Collarette).
3. The Provincial or District Hall Stone Jewel – The largest Hall Stone jewel is made of 18 ct. gold and is embellished with coloured enamels. It is similar in respect aside the dates and wreath are highlighted with the enamelling and the size is slightly larger at 4.8cm. It is worn by means of a dark blue collar. To qualify for this jewel, the province or district must have contributed an average of 500 guineas from its component Lodges. As the Hall Stone Lodge Jewel is worn by successive Masters, so the Provincial or District Hall Stone Lodge Jewel is passed down and worn by successive Provincial/District Grand Master’s.
It is reported that a combined total of over 53,000 individual jewels were issued (which realised at least 530,000 guineas, or at least half the fund). In addition to the “Hall Stone Lodge Jewel”, Craft Lodges were also recorded as ‘Hall Stone Lodges’ and of 1321 that originally qualified, 88 were overseas. These lodges have their names and numbers inscribed on twelve marble wall panels in the Temple Vestibule at Freemasons’ Hall. These are sited six within the upper area or “The Shrine” room wherein are recorded the names of those brethren to whose memory the enterprise relates and which leads to, and six further panels in the lower area leading to the cloakrooms, one on each side of the staircase and one further located in an alcove. Entries are recorded in three ways:
- As Lodges qualified a record as such was made at meetings of Grand Lodge. There are 10 Hall Stone Lodge panels which list 1221 Craft Lodges. A further list was made on the 22nd July 1933 in “The Freemason” publication which recorded 1249 Hall Stone Lodges. Together with the Lodges list on the Supplementary List panel a total of 1321 English Constitution Craft Lodges qualified for this honorific. Of the 1321, 88 are from Overseas Lodges.
- The Supplementary List Panel records 97 Lodges (25 of which had already appeared within “The Freemason” publication). The principal question is why they were separated out. It is only surmised that these Lodges achieved qualification too late to be engraved into the main list of Hall Stone Lodges, however 25 were close and around the time of the publication entries, and the remainder between the time of the publication and the fund closure.
- Recorded Lodge Provinces & Districts shows 109 entries. 10 relating to the following Provinces / Districts:
The Province of Bedfordshire
The Province of Hertfordshire
The Province of The Isle of Man
The Province of Middlesex
The Province of Northampton and Huntingdonshire
The Province of Worcestershire
The District of Northern China
The District of The Eastern Archipelago
The District of Gibraltar
The District of Hong-Kong
… and 99 relating to Craft Lodges. It is not discovered why these Lodges, Provinces and Districts are recorded in this manner. It can be surmised by reasonable intelligence, that perhaps they had contributed close, but not quite the qualifying amount(s).
The panels within the Vestibule do not show the Province/Districts that qualified for the larger of the three jewels. Only three of these were ever awarded. These were awarded to the Province of Buckinghamshire, the District of Burma and to the District of Japan. However, in further recognition of their achievement, rooms 11, 12 & 17 in Freemasons’ Hall were named Japan, Burma and Buckinghamshire respectively, after them. A bronze plaque within these rooms shows this commemoration.
The “Masonic Peace Memorial” was completed by 1933. As shown in the June Quarterly Communications of Grand Lodge of 1938 the final report of the Fund recorded the building having been handed over with the building finally being handed over in 1937. The Masonic Million Memorial Fund closed its account in 1938. Ironically, the following year peace would be shattered by the outbreak of another war which saw conflict on a global scale – World War II. It is probably for this reason that the “Masonic Peace Memorial” was renamed to “Freemasons’ Hall” in 1939.